Lord Curzon asked Queen Victoria to separate Bengal. But such non-violent ostracism was not the only form of persecution. Western clothes were thrown onto bonfires. Schools or colleges whose students disobeyed the order were not only threatened with the withdrawal of Government grants and even with disaffiliation, but their students were to be declared ineligible for Government Service.
Marriage presents that included foreign goods, the like of which could be manufactured at home, were returned. In the new proposal, Bengal proper was to have 17 million Bengali and 37 million Oriya and Hindi speaking people.
The boycott of foreign goods led to the increase in demand of indigenous goods especially clothes which felt short of supply.
Although the Swadeshi movement was massive, due to certain drawback, this movement ultimately lost its momentum. While the pre-independence movement was essentially a response to colonial policies, the post-independence Swadeshi movement sprung forth as an answer to increasingly oppressive imperialistic policies in the post- Second World War climate.
This was a favorable division as it would divide the United Bengal and would breed embrittlement among the people.
The nature of the Swadeshi movement[ edit ] The Bengalis adopted the boycott movement as the last resort after they had exhausted the armoury of constitutional agitation known to them, namely vocal protests, appeals, petitions and Conferences to coerce the British to concede the unanimous national demand.
The enthusiasm with which the two Bengals responded to the idea of national education shows the way in which the swadeshi movement, like a mighty river was overflowing its bed and inundating vast stretches of country.
This was opposed by Mahatma Gandhi as he was against Hindu- Muslim Divergence Although Swadeshi was originally conceived as merely a handmade of boycott of foreign goods and meant only to be an urge to use indigenous in preference to foreign goods, it soon attained a much more comprehensive character and became a concrete symbol of nationalism.
These measures were taken by the Viceroy to reduce the Indian representation. This movement also involved the boycott of British products. From now on the people were advised to boycott all foreign goods, particularly British goods like Manchester cloth and Liverpool salt.
Self-reliance meant assertion of national dignity, honor and self-confidence. Though Manchester cloth was the chief target of attack, the movement was extended to other British manufacturers also, such as salt and sugar as well as luxury goods in general.
More Essay Examples on British Empire Rubric His motivations are selfish at times, prompted by the need to better himself in the social niche of Bengal. Thus Swadeshi movement inaugurated a new phase in the Indian National Movement.
Therefore, sincethe ground for the launch of the Swadeshi movement had been prepared. One particular aspect of the Swadeshi movement which M. Because they were scared if the Muslims and Hindus got together they could start a war.
While moderates preferred passive aggression, radicals preferred active aggression and protest. When you think about achieving goals, the emphasis should be on reaching that goal no matter what it takes.
When the division was formally announced on October 16,the day was observed as mourning day where people sang Bande Mataram and rachis were worn by Hindu-Muslims as a sign of brotherhood.
The uttering of Vande Mataram was an indisputable evidence of such sympathy and later it was made illegal to shout Vande Mataram in a public place. Essay, Article, Paragraph, Speech Eventually, the partition was called off onand the capital was shifted from Kolkata to Delhi.
All these methods of agitation dealt a severe blow to the constitutional methods of the Moderates and heralded a new phase in the history of the national movement.The Swadeshi movement also witnessed the emergence of several methods of agitation such as boycott, strikes, passive resistance and revolutionary terrorism which were increasingly used later by various streams in the National Movement.
The Swadeshi Movement was the extension of anti-partition movement, which was started to oppose the British decision of partition of Bengal.
When all the moderate techniques failed to yield result by midsome new like techniques like boycott of British goods and Swadeshi, exorting purchasers. The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of swadeshi and which had some success.
Strategies of the Swadeshi movement. Essay on Swadeshi Movement Swadeshi Moment was the nationalist movement which started when the British Government announced the partition of Bengal. It was a massive movement which involved the participation from all the section of society from ranging from students, workers to the woman and other parts of the community/5(32).
'Boycott' was the weapon to make Swadeshi movement successful. Constructive Swadeshi was the trend of self-help through Swadeshi industries, national schools and attempts at village improvement and organisation.
The Swadeshi Movement had several consequences in the realm of culture. There was a flowering of nationalist poetry, prose and journalism. The patriotic songs written at the time by poets like Rabindranath Tagore, Rajani Kant Sen, Syed Abu Mohammed and Mukunda Das are sung in Bengal to this day.Download