Marx held that religion served as a sanctuary from the harshness of everyday life and oppression by the powerful. By inference, women are more religious because they have less risk-promoting testosterone. When applied to the sociological study of religion, this approach views religion as a Sociological theories on religion entity within society because it creates social cohesion and integration by reaffirming the bonds that people have with each other.
Religion teaches people moral behavior and thus helps them learn how to be good members of society. They can be deeply intense and can involve crying, laughing, screaming, trancelike conditions, a feeling of oneness with those around you, and other emotional and psychological states.
But a definitive, empirically based explanation of why women generally tend to be more religious than men remains elusive. Many things in life are difficult to understand. This may lead these women to rely more heavily on religion as a source of comfort and social support compared with women who hold better-paying jobs in more economically developed countries.
Sociological Theories of Religion: To test this second hypothesis, researchers combined data on the religious gender gaps among the general population in 81 countries using Pew Research Center surveys with data from the United Nations on the shares of women ages 15 and older working in the labor force and other country characteristics.
As a result, contemporary scholars of religion seem increasingly to be converging on a consensus that the religious gender gap most likely arises from a complicated mix of multiple factors.
Social scientists David Voas, Siobhan McAndrew and Ingrid Storm, who are at the University College London and the Universities of Bristol and Manchester, respectively, argue that in Europe, the gender gap decreases but does not disappear with modernization.
In order for postmodern theories of religion to adequately and accurately reflect the reality of the religious experience and its impact and influence on society, theorists need to work within postmodern reality and leave behind the assumptions of the modern era such as viewing societies as totalities.
The second hypothesis of the labor force theory anticipates that the share of women working in the labor force should have consequences for the size of the overall gender gap between women and men.
Religiosity also apparently promotes better physical health, and some studies even find that religious people tend to live longer than those who are not religious Moberg, Selected writings in sociology and social philosophy T. Religious symbols indicate the value of the symbolic interactionist approach.
Sacred rituals and ceremonies are especially important for marking occasions such as births, marriages, times of crisis, and deaths.
Durkheim found that people tend to separate religious symbols, objects, and rituals, which are sacred, from the daily symbols, objects, and routines of existence referred to as the profane. More than three decades of research have yielded a large quantity of data and a greater appreciation for the complexities of the relationship between gender and religion — complexities reflected in the data presented in this report.
Sacred objects are often believed to have divine properties that separate them from profane objects. Montgomery of the University of Wisconsin postulate that psychological differences could throw light on gender differences in religiosity. Conflict theory Despite his influence on the topic, Karl Marx was not religious and never made a detailed study of religion.
By this he meant that religion, like a drug, makes people happy with their existing conditions. He believed that scientific thinking would likely replace religious thinking, with people giving only minimal attention to rituals and ceremonies. Religion can be the source of social unity and cohesion, but over the centuries it also has led to persecution, torture, and wanton bloodshed.
Structural Functionalism study guide and get instant access to the following: News reports going back since the s indicate a final problem that religion can cause, and that is sexual abuse, at least in the Catholic Church.
This is a derivative of Sociology: The expression of emotion can be seen in such examples as the emotional displays at revival meetings or in charismatic worship. Even though none of these three men was particularly religious, the power that religion holds over people and societies interested them all.
A crescent moon and a star are just two shapes in the sky, but together they constitute the international symbol of Islam. For many people they can be transformative experiences, while for others they are not transformative but are deeply moving nonetheless.
He suggests that women in the labor force, particularly those in high-paying, full-time jobs, are less religious because they receive less social validation and affirmation from religious congregations compared with women who follow more gender-typical roles and expectations.
This sets social controls that help the society to function.Sociological perspectives on religion aim to understand the functions religion serves, the inequality and other problems it can reinforce and perpetuate, and the role it plays in our daily lives (Emerson, Monahan, & Mirola, ).
Sociological theories and religion SOC/ Kathleen Marker July 9, Sociological theories and religion Many question religion and the effect it could have over a person or a group.
Religion is a very powerful and influential force in human society. Some think that religion is just someone’s. 3 Turner Religion expanded the framework of sociological research to look, for instance, at religious life inside prisons (Beckford and Gilliat, ).
Another development. Structural functionalism and other early sociological theories of religion emphasized how religion was used within society while deeming the concept of gods as unimportant.
Sociological Theories Perspectives on Religion When it comes to the social institution of religion, the three major sociological theories differ in a majority of ways. All three have their own way of how they perceive religion functions in society.
The purpose of this paper is to show the impact. Dec 17, · Theories explaining gender differences in religion Women’s generally greater level of religiosity has been observed by scholars for decades; it has shown up in surveys going back as far as the s.
34 But not until the s did academics begin a concerted effort to find an explanation for the phenomenon.Download