Nursing Assessment The clinical picture varies with the type pf leukemia as well as the treatment implemented, so the following must be assessed: The nurse also must closely monitor the results of laboratory studies and culture results need to be reported immediately.
Acute leukemia is a malignant proliferation of white blood cell precursors in bone marrow or lymph tissue, and their accumulation in peripheral blood, bone marrow, and body tissues.
Among children, however, it is the most common form of cancer. Due to the precipitating factors, immature, non-functioning WBCs appear to accumulate first in the tissue where they originate lymphocytes in lymph tissue, granulocytes in bone marrow. Encroachment or hemorrhage occurs when immature WBCs spill into the bloodstream and other tissues and eventually lead to organ or tissue malfunction.
A bone marrow biopsy, usually of the posterior superior iliac spine, is part of the diagnostic workup. Platelet transfusion is performed to prevent bleeding and RBC transfusion to prevent anemia. Incidence is 6 out of everypeople. Easy bruising after minor trauma is a sign of leukemia.
High fever accompanied by thrombocytopenia and abnormal bleeding such as nosebleeds and gingival bleeding manifests in the patient.
Down syndromeBloom syndrome, Fanconi anemiacongenital agammaglobulinemia, and ataxia-telangiectasia usually predisposes to ALL. Statistics and Incidences One of the most common forms of acute leukemia is acute lymphocytic leukemia.
Clinical Manifestations Signs of acute lymphocytic leukemia may be gradual or abrupt.
Stem cell transplant in ALL is one of the latest development in the treatment of acute leukemias Nursing Management The care plan for the leukemic patient should emphasize comfort, minimize the adverse effects of chemotherapy, promote preservation of veins, manage complications, and provide teaching and psychological support.
Viral remnants have been found in leukemic cells, so they are likely one of the causes of ALL. Elevated uric acid levels and lactic dehydrogenase levels are commonly found.
These control infection, a common complication of acute leukemias. Asparaginase breaks down asparagine in the body, so since the cancer cells cannot make more asparagine, they die. Daunorubicin is classified as an antitumor antibiotic which is made from natural products produced by species of the soil fungus Streptomyces, and these drugs act during multiple phases of the cell cycle and are considered cell-cycle specific.
Imbalanced nutritionless than body requirements, related to hypermetabolic state, anorexia, mucositis, painand nausea.Leukemia statistics based on data from large groups of patients to be used as a general guide. Supportive & Palliative Care We offer evidence-based supportive and palliative care information for health professionals on the assessment and management of cancer-related symptoms and conditions.
MLT Study Guide-Hematology. STUDY. PLAY.
FAB M5. acute monoblastic leukemia. FAB M1. acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation. FAB M3.
acute promyelocytic leukemia. FAB M4.
acute myelomonocytic leukemia. A normal _____ molecule is a tetramer made up of two alpha and two beta chains. Exit HESI Anemia, Leukemia study guide by samiek includes 34 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and. Understanding Leukemia I page 1 Inside This Booklet 2 Introduction 3 Here to Help 6 Part 1—Understanding Leukemia About Marrow, Blood and Blood Cells publications The ALL Guide: Information for Patients and Caregivers, The AML Guide: Information for Patients and Caregivers, The CLL.
The AML Guide Information for Patients and Caregivers Acute Myeloid Leukemia Emily, New treatment approaches are under study.
There are new treatment studies (called clinical trials) for patients Leukemia is the general term for. Leukemia: a type of cancer with uncontrolled production of immature WBC (usually blast cells) in the bone marrow.
(MS, ). Characterized by the replacement of bone marrow by malignant immature WBC(, Pearson) Acute Leukemia: sudden onset, rapid progression & immature or undifferentiated blast cells ( P) Chronic Leukemia: .Download